FedInvent™ Patents

New Taxpayer Funded Patents for Tuesday, September 21, 2021 

This page was updated on Wednesday, September 22, 2021 at 04:37 PM GMT

FedInvent analyzed 166 taxpayer-funded patents this week.

On Tuesday, September 21, 2021, USPTO granted 7,194 patents. One hundred sixty-six of the patents benefitted from taxpayer funding. Within the 166 patents, 160 patents contain government interest statements, and 27 patents have federal government agencies as an assignee or applicant. These patents have 191 references to funding agencies.

This Tuesday’s FedInvent patents are the work of 571 inventors. The 544 American inventors come from 41 states and the District of Columbia. There are 27 foreign inventors from 11 countries. This includes five inventors from China and three from the Russian Federation.

The HERD, high education R&D from colleges and universities are the assignees on 106 of Tuesday’s patents. Fourteen patents are the results of collaborations at two universities. Four patents were collaborations between three universities. One was from inventors at four universities.

Learn More About Taxpayer Funded Patents Here

The List of This Week's Patents

Just a list — patent number with a link and the title, for those patentistas who like to browse.

About The Icons On the List Below

  • The icon takes you to the full text version of the patent at USPTO;
  • The icon takes you to the PDF version of the patent at USPTO; and
  • The icon takes you to the details about the patent on the FedInvent Details page.
  • When you use the icon the patent you are interested appears at the top of the list on the details page.
Patent Title
001 11122751
 
Plant-based compositions for the protection of plants from cold damage 
002 11122784
 
Parkinson\'s disease model and methods 
003 11122796
 
Cryoprotection compositions and methods 
004 11122965
 
Robotic capsule system with magnetic actuation and localization 
005 11122981
 
Arterial wall characterization in optical coherence tomography imaging 
006 11122982
 
Flexible epidermal multimodal health monitor 
007 11122997
 
Modulating the aryl hydrocarbon receptor system to treat major depressive disorder 
008 11123042
 
Automated three and four-dimensional ultrasound quantification and surveillance of free fluid in body cavities and intravascular volume 
009 11123048
 
Integrated system for ultrasound imaging and therapy 
010 11123128
 
Method and device for electrochemical therapy of skin and related soft tissues 
011 11123141
 
Systems and methods for navigating a catheter and delivering a needle 
012 11123297
 
Systems and methods for making and using gel microspheres 
013 11123302
 
Formulation of acoustically activatable particles having low vaporization energy and methods for using same 
014 11123304
 
Nanoparticles having poly(ester amide) polymer cores as drug delivery vehicles 
015 11123311
 
Methods of treating mental disorders 
016 11123312
 
Engaging the cervical spinal cord circuitry to re-enable volitional control of hand function in tetraplegic subjects 
017 11123313
 
Methods and compositions for treating sleep apnea 
018 11123333
 
Inhibitors of intracellular invasion 
019 11123334
 
Compositions and methods for treating opioid overdose and opioid abuse 
020 11123340
 
Small-molecule UT-A-selective urea transport inhibitors 
021 11123341
 
Butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors for treatment of opioid use disorder 
022 11123405
 
Long-acting GLP-1R agonist as a therapy of neurological and neurodegenerative conditions 
023 11123415
 
Nanoparticle compositions for Salmonella vaccines 
024 11123416
 
Methods and compositions relating to synthetic beta-1,6 glucosamine oligosaccharides 
025 11123423
 
Zika virus vaccine 
026 11123428
 
Inactivating bacteria with electric pulses and antibiotics 
027 11123433
 
Hydrophobically modified polypeptoids and uses thereof 
028 11123440
 
Compositions and methods for making antibody conjugates 
029 11123441
 
Methods and compositions for drug delivery 
030 11123454
 
Biodegradable, thermally responsive injectable hydrogel for treatment of ischemic cardiomyopathy 
031 11123465
 
Methods of using thermally expanded graphite to remove proteins from blood and to treat sepsis 
032 11123485
 
Blood glucose control system switching without interruption of therapy delivery 
033 11123486
 
Switching blood glucose control system execution without interruption of therapy delivery 
034 11123554
 
Targeted delivery of molecules using impedance-based monitoring at elevated temperatures 
035 11123585
 
Electrical safety emergency response systems and related methods 
036 11123590
 
Abatement of asbestos using fluorinated metal compounds 
037 11123682
 
Liquid desiccant based dehumidification and cooling system 
038 11123711
 
System and method for alcohol oxidation reaction of lignins 
039 11123713
 
Multicomponent inorganic porous materials and methods of making the same 
040 11123723
 
Oxidative dehydroxymethylation of alcohols to produce olefins 
041 11123732
 
Nanoscale biochemical sample preparation and analysis 
042 11123734
 
System and method for immune activity determination 
043 11123797
 
High toughness metallic glass-based composites for additive manufacturing 
044 11123921
 
Method and system for in situ cross-linking of materials to produce three-dimensional features via electron beams from mobile accelerators 
045 11123937
 
Retro-reflective thread, method of manufacturing same and a textile 
046 11124057
 
Hyper-compact electric all-terrain vehicle drivetrain and conversion kit 
047 11124058
 
Transmission mounted electrical charging system PTO gear arrangement 
048 11124288
 
Yoke interface mount 
049 11124290
 
Integrated aerodynamic flow control system with air source 
050 11124296
 
Flying wing aircraft having flight and storage configurations 
051 11124413
 
Gaseous oxygen propulsion system with chemical oxygen generation 
052 11124449
 
Fabrication and applications of multiple side-window, side-firing optical fiber 
053 11124464
 
High density hybrid rocket motor 
054 11124476
 
Tunable nitric oxide-releasing macromolecules having multiple nitric oxide donor structures 
055 11124483
 
HER3 ligands and uses thereof 
056 11124489
 
EPAC antagonists 
057 11124490
 
Autotaxin inhibitors 
058 11124498
 
Compositions and methods for modulating protease activity 
059 11124503
 
Compositions and methods for acylating lactams 
060 11124504
 
Kappa opioid receptor antagonists and products and methods related thereto 
061 11124520
 
Cyclopenta[d]pyrimidines and substituted cyclopenta[d]pyrimidines as antitubulin and microtubule targeting agents, monocyclic pyrimidines as tubulin inhibitors, and pyrrolopyrimidines as targeted antifolates and tubulin and multiple receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor and antitumor agents 
062 11124541
 
Chimeric melanocortin ligands and methods of use thereof 
063 11124544
 
AAV vectors with high transduction efficiency and uses thereof for gene therapy 
064 11124546
 
Modified capsid proteins for enhanced delivery of parvovirus vectors 
065 11124550
 
Proteinaceous molecules and methods of use 
066 11124551
 
MENTSH analogs as therapeutics for diabetes, obesity, and their associated diseases and complications 
067 11124553
 
TDP-43 mitochondrial localization inhibitor for the treatment of neurogenerative disease 
068 11124558
 
Use of tetranectin and peptide agonists to treat inflammatory diseases 
069 11124562
 
Anti-ApoE antibodies 
070 11124569
 
Methods of reducing liver PD-1-expressing CD8+ T cells using PD-1 Fc fusion proteins that bind Fc receptors 
071 11124571
 
Methods of sensitizing cancer to immunotherapy 
072 11124580
 
Anti-epidermal growth factor receptor variant III chimeric antigen receptors and use of same for the treatment of cancer 
073 11124605
 
Antimicrobial alpha-helical cationic polypeptides 
074 11124608
 
Polybenzoxazine resins with high hydrogen content, and composites therefrom 
075 11124612
 
Facile assembly of soft nanoarchitectures and co-loading of hydrophilic and hydrophobic molecules via flash nanoprecipitation 
076 11124644
 
Organic microgel system for 3D printing of silicone structures 
077 11124652
 
Shape memory polymer blend materials 
078 11124761
 
Stabilization of enzyme-immobilized hydrogels for extended hypoxic cell culture 
079 11124765
 
Derivation of human microglia from pluripotent stem cells 
080 11124766
 
Growth and survival compositions for cells capable of producing antibodies and methods related thereto 
081 11124769
 
Production of red blood cells and platelets from stem cells 
082 11124772
 
Method to alter Chinese hamster ovary cell line stability 
083 11124779
 
Compositions and methods for treating and preventing pancreatitis, renal injury and cancer 
084 11124782
 
Cas variants for gene editing 
085 11124783
 
Variant CAS9 proteins with improved DNA cleavage selectivity 
086 11124785
 
Rothia subtilisins, S8A family proteases, as therapeutic enzymes for application in gluten intolerance disorders 
087 11124787
 
ADAMTS13-containing compositions having thrombolytic activity 
088 11124791
 
Generating recombinant affinity reagents with arrayed targets 
089 11124793
 
Compositions and methods for treatment of cardiac diseases 
090 11124794
 
Compositions and methods to treating hemoglobinopathies 
091 11124796
 
Delivery, use and therapeutic applications of the CRISPR-Cas systems and compositions for modeling competition of multiple cancer mutations in vivo 
092 11124799
 
Plant-produced vaccine comprising an AG2 polypeptide from coccidioides 
093 11124814
 
Benzylisoquinoline alkaloid (BIA) precursor producing microbes, and methods of making and using the same 
094 11124815
 
Immunotherapeutic potential of modified lipooligosaccharides/lipid A 
095 11124819
 
Genes involved in astaxanthin biosynthesis 
096 11124830
 
Single cell genomic sequencing using hydrogel based droplets 
097 11124838
 
Genetic abnormalities in plasma cell dyscrasias 
098 11124841
 
Methods and compositions for identifying and treating patients with small cell lung cancer 
099 11124845
 
PSMA-based molecular-genetic reporter system 
100 11124846
 
Compositions comprising riboregulators and methods of use thereof 
101 11124865
 
Corrosion resistive materials, systems, and methods of forming and using the materials and systems 
102 11124885
 
Anode catalyst suitable for use in an electrolyzer 
103 11124886
 
Reactor with advanced architecture for the electrochemical reaction of CO2, CO, and other chemical compounds 
104 11124892
 
Defect reduction in seeded aluminum nitride crystal growth 
105 11125106
 
Synchronizing ring surge bumper 
106 11125158
 
Ported shroud system for turboprop inlets 
107 11125187
 
Turbomachinery transition duct for wide bypass ratio ranges 
108 11125227
 
Pressure compensated external gear machine 
109 11125352
 
Magnetically actuated fluid control valve 
110 11125514
 
Systems and methods for passive cooling and radiator for same 
111 11125545
 
Pyrotechnic delay element device 
112 11125657
 
Sampling probe 
113 11125685
 
Apparatus and method for analyzing a sample 
114 11125689
 
Highly stable semiconductor lasers and sensors for III-V and silicon photonic integrated circuits 
115 11125700
 
Apparatus and method to measure semiconductor optical absorption using microwave charge sensing 
116 11125723
 
Eddy current testing for measuring residual stress around cold-worked holes 
117 11125739
 
Gene editing through microfluidic delivery 
118 11125741
 
Compositions and methods for the detection of zinc 
119 11125743
 
Detection of norovirus using norovirus-specific toehold switches 
120 11125748
 
Method for organizing individual molecules on a patterned substrate and structures assembled thereby 
121 11125755
 
Ligand discovery for T cell receptors 
122 11125756
 
Ligand discovery for T cell receptors 
123 11125757
 
Methods of culturing and characterizing antibody secreting cells 
124 11125772
 
System with oven control and compensation for detecting motion and/or orientation 
125 11125844
 
Deep learning based methods to accelerate multi-spectral imaging 
126 11125846
 
Method for correction of phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging data using a neural network 
127 11125847
 
System and method for out-of-view artifact suppression for magnetic resonance fingerprinting 
128 11125865
 
Airborne topo-bathy LiDAR system and methods thereof 
129 11125896
 
Advanced thermal neutron detectors and associated methods 
130 11125915
 
Weather forecasting systems and methods tracking cumulus clouds over terrain 
131 11125936
 
Thermal insulator for fiber optic components 
132 11126063
 
Nonlinear optical crystal with corrected phase matching angle 
133 11126403
 
True random number generator (TRNG) circuit using a diffusive memristor 
134 11126550
 
Integrating a resistive memory system into a multicore CPU die to achieve massive memory parallelism 
135 11126551
 
Data access for system of systems operational analytics 
136 11126595
 
Network coded storage with multi-resolution codes 
137 11126789
 
Method to convert a written procedure to structured data, and related systems and methods 
138 11126895
 
Mimicking of corruption in images 
139 11126905
 
Antenna-less RFID tag 
140 11127013
 
System and method for disambiguated biometric identification 
141 11127127
 
Full-field imaging learning machine (FILM) 
142 11127145
 
Image registration to a 3D point set 
143 11127175
 
Monochromatic CT image reconstruction from current-integrating data via machine learning 
144 11127231
 
Adaptive algorithm-based engine health prediction 
145 11127233
 
Locking system 
146 11127309
 
Flight management system operator 
147 11127501
 
Systems and methods for health monitoring 
148 11127508
 
Nuclear thermal propulsion fuel element packing device 
149 11127537
 
Wide temperature range ultracapacitor 
150 11127715
 
Large channel interconnects with through silicon Vias (TSVs) and method for constructing the same 
151 11127966
 
Hematin modified bilirubin oxidase cathode 
152 11127979
 
Polyfluorinated carbonate electrolyte for high-voltage lithium batteries 
153 11127980
 
Localized superconcentrated electrolytes for silicon anodes 
154 11127992
 
Charge material for recycled lithium-ion batteries 
155 11128039
 
Cavity antenna with radome 
156 11128062
 
Electronic assembly with a direct current bus connection 
157 11128082
 
Androgynous connection device 
158 11128168
 
Methods and apparatus for wireless power delivery and remote sensing using self-capacitances 
159 11128209
 
Magnetic gearbox with flux concentration halbach rotors 
160 11128248
 
DC input current ripple reduction in SRM drive for high volumetric power density applications 
161 11128293
 
Compensation for device property variation according to wafer location 
162 11128479
 
Method and apparatus for verification of social media information 
163 11128682
 
Video streaming at mobile edge 
164 11128750
 
Methods and devices for secure authentication to a compute device 
165 11128935
 
Realtime multimodel lossless data compression system and method 
166 11129236
 
Control of multiagent systems with local and global objectives 

Up to Start Of Table

Patent Count By Department

This is the count of taxpayer-funded patents granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) this week. These patents contain a Government Interest Statement in the body of the patent document or are patents where the government is an assignee. Agency numbers are aggregated by the agency named in the Government Interests Statement and the contract number cited in the government interest section of the patent.

Department This Week
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) 80
Department of Defense (DOD) 34
National Science Foundation (NSF) 26
Department of Energy (DOE) 22
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) 9
Department of Agriculture (USDA) 5
Small Business Administration (SBA) 3
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) 2
Department of Commerce (DOC) 1
Department of Transportation (USDOT) 1
Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) 1
Department of the Interior (DOI) 1
National Security Agency (NSA) 1
Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) 1
United States Postal Service (USPS) 1
Government Rights Acknowledged 2

Patents By Funding Agency

FedInvent Patents are patents funded by US taxpayers. Taxpayer-funded patents have Government Interest Statements in the body of the patent or are patents where an agency of the US federal government has retained the title to the patent and is listed as an assignee. The presence of a government interest statement, as required by the Bayh-Dole Act, indicates the holder of a federal contract, grant, or cooperative research agreement has elected to retain the title of inventions conceived and reduced to practice during that contract.

About The Icons On the List Below

  • The icon takes you to the full text version of the patent at USPTO;
  • The icon takes you to the PDF version of the patent at USPTO; and
  • The icon takes you to the details about the patent on the FedInvent Details page.
  • When you use the icon the patent you are interested appears at the top of the list on the details page.

Click the Panel to See The Patents for Each Agency

Take Me To The Details
Patent Title
001 11122784
 
Parkinson\'s disease model and methods 
002 11122965
 
Robotic capsule system with magnetic actuation and localization 
003 11122981
 
Arterial wall characterization in optical coherence tomography imaging 
004 11122982
 
Flexible epidermal multimodal health monitor 
005 11122997
 
Modulating the aryl hydrocarbon receptor system to treat major depressive disorder 
006 11123048
 
Integrated system for ultrasound imaging and therapy 
007 11123128
 
Method and device for electrochemical therapy of skin and related soft tissues 
008 11123141
 
Systems and methods for navigating a catheter and delivering a needle 
009 11123302
 
Formulation of acoustically activatable particles having low vaporization energy and methods for using same 
010 11123304
 
Nanoparticles having poly(ester amide) polymer cores as drug delivery vehicles 
011 11123311
 
Methods of treating mental disorders 
012 11123312
 
Engaging the cervical spinal cord circuitry to re-enable volitional control of hand function in tetraplegic subjects 
013 11123313
 
Methods and compositions for treating sleep apnea 
014 11123333
 
Inhibitors of intracellular invasion 
015 11123334
 
Compositions and methods for treating opioid overdose and opioid abuse 
016 11123340
 
Small-molecule UT-A-selective urea transport inhibitors 
017 11123341
 
Butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors for treatment of opioid use disorder 
018 11123405
 
Long-acting GLP-1R agonist as a therapy of neurological and neurodegenerative conditions 
019 11123416
 
Methods and compositions relating to synthetic beta-1,6 glucosamine oligosaccharides 
020 11123423
 
Zika virus vaccine 
021 11123440
 
Compositions and methods for making antibody conjugates 
022 11123441
 
Methods and compositions for drug delivery 
023 11123454
 
Biodegradable, thermally responsive injectable hydrogel for treatment of ischemic cardiomyopathy 
024 11123485
 
Blood glucose control system switching without interruption of therapy delivery 
025 11123486
 
Switching blood glucose control system execution without interruption of therapy delivery 
026 11123554
 
Targeted delivery of molecules using impedance-based monitoring at elevated temperatures 
027 11123723
 
Oxidative dehydroxymethylation of alcohols to produce olefins 
028 11123732
 
Nanoscale biochemical sample preparation and analysis 
029 11124449
 
Fabrication and applications of multiple side-window, side-firing optical fiber 
030 11124476
 
Tunable nitric oxide-releasing macromolecules having multiple nitric oxide donor structures 
031 11124483
 
HER3 ligands and uses thereof 
032 11124489
 
EPAC antagonists 
033 11124490
 
Autotaxin inhibitors 
034 11124498
 
Compositions and methods for modulating protease activity 
035 11124503
 
Compositions and methods for acylating lactams 
036 11124504
 
Kappa opioid receptor antagonists and products and methods related thereto 
037 11124520
 
Cyclopenta[d]pyrimidines and substituted cyclopenta[d]pyrimidines as antitubulin and microtubule targeting agents, monocyclic pyrimidines as tubulin inhibitors, and pyrrolopyrimidines as targeted antifolates and tubulin and multiple receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor and antitumor agents 
038 11124541
 
Chimeric melanocortin ligands and methods of use thereof 
039 11124544
 
AAV vectors with high transduction efficiency and uses thereof for gene therapy 
040 11124546
 
Modified capsid proteins for enhanced delivery of parvovirus vectors 
041 11124550
 
Proteinaceous molecules and methods of use 
042 11124551
 
MENTSH analogs as therapeutics for diabetes, obesity, and their associated diseases and complications 
043 11124553
 
TDP-43 mitochondrial localization inhibitor for the treatment of neurogenerative disease 
044 11124558
 
Use of tetranectin and peptide agonists to treat inflammatory diseases 
045 11124562
 
Anti-ApoE antibodies 
046 11124569
 
Methods of reducing liver PD-1-expressing CD8+ T cells using PD-1 Fc fusion proteins that bind Fc receptors 
047 11124571
 
Methods of sensitizing cancer to immunotherapy 
048 11124580
 
Anti-epidermal growth factor receptor variant III chimeric antigen receptors and use of same for the treatment of cancer 
049 11124605
 
Antimicrobial alpha-helical cationic polypeptides 
050 11124765
 
Derivation of human microglia from pluripotent stem cells 
051 11124766
 
Growth and survival compositions for cells capable of producing antibodies and methods related thereto 
052 11124769
 
Production of red blood cells and platelets from stem cells 
053 11124779
 
Compositions and methods for treating and preventing pancreatitis, renal injury and cancer 
054 11124782
 
Cas variants for gene editing 
055 11124783
 
Variant CAS9 proteins with improved DNA cleavage selectivity 
056 11124785
 
Rothia subtilisins, S8A family proteases, as therapeutic enzymes for application in gluten intolerance disorders 
057 11124787
 
ADAMTS13-containing compositions having thrombolytic activity 
058 11124791
 
Generating recombinant affinity reagents with arrayed targets 
059 11124793
 
Compositions and methods for treatment of cardiac diseases 
060 11124794
 
Compositions and methods to treating hemoglobinopathies 
061 11124796
 
Delivery, use and therapeutic applications of the CRISPR-Cas systems and compositions for modeling competition of multiple cancer mutations in vivo 
062 11124799
 
Plant-produced vaccine comprising an AG2 polypeptide from coccidioides 
063 11124815
 
Immunotherapeutic potential of modified lipooligosaccharides/lipid A 
064 11124830
 
Single cell genomic sequencing using hydrogel based droplets 
065 11124838
 
Genetic abnormalities in plasma cell dyscrasias 
066 11124841
 
Methods and compositions for identifying and treating patients with small cell lung cancer 
067 11124845
 
PSMA-based molecular-genetic reporter system 
068 11124846
 
Compositions comprising riboregulators and methods of use thereof 
069 11125739
 
Gene editing through microfluidic delivery 
070 11125741
 
Compositions and methods for the detection of zinc 
071 11125743
 
Detection of norovirus using norovirus-specific toehold switches 
072 11125755
 
Ligand discovery for T cell receptors 
073 11125756
 
Ligand discovery for T cell receptors 
074 11125757
 
Methods of culturing and characterizing antibody secreting cells 
075 11125844
 
Deep learning based methods to accelerate multi-spectral imaging 
076 11125846
 
Method for correction of phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging data using a neural network 
077 11125847
 
System and method for out-of-view artifact suppression for magnetic resonance fingerprinting 
078 11127175
 
Monochromatic CT image reconstruction from current-integrating data via machine learning 
079 11127501
 
Systems and methods for health monitoring 
080 11128168
 
Methods and apparatus for wireless power delivery and remote sensing using self-capacitances 

Up to Start Of Table

Take Me To The Details

Department of Defense (DOD) Agencies

Patent Title
001 11123128
 
Method and device for electrochemical therapy of skin and related soft tissues 
002 11124782
 
Cas variants for gene editing 
003 11124830
 
Single cell genomic sequencing using hydrogel based droplets 
004 11124846
 
Compositions comprising riboregulators and methods of use thereof 
005 11125896
 
Advanced thermal neutron detectors and associated methods 
006 11126063
 
Nonlinear optical crystal with corrected phase matching angle 
007 11126595
 
Network coded storage with multi-resolution codes 
008 11128039
 
Cavity antenna with radome 

Department of the ARMY (DOA)

Patent Title
001 11123042
 
Automated three and four-dimensional ultrasound quantification and surveillance of free fluid in body cavities and intravascular volume 
002 11123590
 
Abatement of asbestos using fluorinated metal compounds 
003 11123937
 
Retro-reflective thread, method of manufacturing same and a textile 
004 11124296
 
Flying wing aircraft having flight and storage configurations 
005 11125545
 
Pyrotechnic delay element device 
006 11125865
 
Airborne topo-bathy LiDAR system and methods thereof 
007 11126063
 
Nonlinear optical crystal with corrected phase matching angle 
008 11126595
 
Network coded storage with multi-resolution codes 
009 11127966
 
Hematin modified bilirubin oxidase cathode 
010 11128479
 
Method and apparatus for verification of social media information 

Department of the Navy (DON) | United States Marine Corps (USMC)

Patent Title
001 11123585
 
Electrical safety emergency response systems and related methods 
002 11124057
 
Hyper-compact electric all-terrain vehicle drivetrain and conversion kit 
003 11124288
 
Yoke interface mount 
004 11124782
 
Cas variants for gene editing 
005 11124830
 
Single cell genomic sequencing using hydrogel based droplets 
006 11124846
 
Compositions comprising riboregulators and methods of use thereof 
007 11125352
 
Magnetically actuated fluid control valve 
008 11125689
 
Highly stable semiconductor lasers and sensors for III-V and silicon photonic integrated circuits 
009 11125748
 
Method for organizing individual molecules on a patterned substrate and structures assembled thereby 
010 11125772
 
System with oven control and compensation for detecting motion and/or orientation 
011 11125936
 
Thermal insulator for fiber optic components 
012 11126905
 
Antenna-less RFID tag 
013 11127231
 
Adaptive algorithm-based engine health prediction 

Department of the Air Force (DAF)| United States Space Force (USSF)

Patent Title
001 11125158
 
Ported shroud system for turboprop inlets 
002 11125187
 
Turbomachinery transition duct for wide bypass ratio ranges 
003 11125723
 
Eddy current testing for measuring residual stress around cold-worked holes 
004 11125748
 
Method for organizing individual molecules on a patterned substrate and structures assembled thereby 
005 11126403
 
True random number generator (TRNG) circuit using a diffusive memristor 
006 11126550
 
Integrating a resistive memory system into a multicore CPU die to achieve massive memory parallelism 

Up to Start Of Table

Take Me To The Details
Patent Title
001 11122796
 
Cryoprotection compositions and methods 
002 11122965
 
Robotic capsule system with magnetic actuation and localization 
003 11123297
 
Systems and methods for making and using gel microspheres 
004 11123465
 
Methods of using thermally expanded graphite to remove proteins from blood and to treat sepsis 
005 11123711
 
System and method for alcohol oxidation reaction of lignins 
006 11123734
 
System and method for immune activity determination 
007 11124449
 
Fabrication and applications of multiple side-window, side-firing optical fiber 
008 11124605
 
Antimicrobial alpha-helical cationic polypeptides 
009 11124612
 
Facile assembly of soft nanoarchitectures and co-loading of hydrophilic and hydrophobic molecules via flash nanoprecipitation 
010 11124644
 
Organic microgel system for 3D printing of silicone structures 
011 11124761
 
Stabilization of enzyme-immobilized hydrogels for extended hypoxic cell culture 
012 11124772
 
Method to alter Chinese hamster ovary cell line stability 
013 11124783
 
Variant CAS9 proteins with improved DNA cleavage selectivity 
014 11124814
 
Benzylisoquinoline alkaloid (BIA) precursor producing microbes, and methods of making and using the same 
015 11124830
 
Single cell genomic sequencing using hydrogel based droplets 
016 11124846
 
Compositions comprising riboregulators and methods of use thereof 
017 11125514
 
Systems and methods for passive cooling and radiator for same 
018 11125685
 
Apparatus and method for analyzing a sample 
019 11125748
 
Method for organizing individual molecules on a patterned substrate and structures assembled thereby 
020 11125772
 
System with oven control and compensation for detecting motion and/or orientation 
021 11125847
 
System and method for out-of-view artifact suppression for magnetic resonance fingerprinting 
022 11126403
 
True random number generator (TRNG) circuit using a diffusive memristor 
023 11126905
 
Antenna-less RFID tag 
024 11127992
 
Charge material for recycled lithium-ion batteries 
025 11128682
 
Video streaming at mobile edge 
026 11129236
 
Control of multiagent systems with local and global objectives 

Up to Start Of Table

Take Me To The Details
Patent Title
001 11123433
 
Hydrophobically modified polypeptoids and uses thereof 
002 11123682
 
Liquid desiccant based dehumidification and cooling system 
003 11123713
 
Multicomponent inorganic porous materials and methods of making the same 
004 11123732
 
Nanoscale biochemical sample preparation and analysis 
005 11123921
 
Method and system for in situ cross-linking of materials to produce three-dimensional features via electron beams from mobile accelerators 
006 11124058
 
Transmission mounted electrical charging system PTO gear arrangement 
007 11124652
 
Shape memory polymer blend materials 
008 11124819
 
Genes involved in astaxanthin biosynthesis 
009 11124865
 
Corrosion resistive materials, systems, and methods of forming and using the materials and systems 
010 11124885
 
Anode catalyst suitable for use in an electrolyzer 
011 11124886
 
Reactor with advanced architecture for the electrochemical reaction of CO2, CO, and other chemical compounds 
012 11125657
 
Sampling probe 
013 11125700
 
Apparatus and method to measure semiconductor optical absorption using microwave charge sensing 
014 11125739
 
Gene editing through microfluidic delivery 
015 11126789
 
Method to convert a written procedure to structured data, and related systems and methods 
016 11126895
 
Mimicking of corruption in images 
017 11127127
 
Full-field imaging learning machine (FILM) 
018 11127979
 
Polyfluorinated carbonate electrolyte for high-voltage lithium batteries 
019 11127980
 
Localized superconcentrated electrolytes for silicon anodes 
020 11128062
 
Electronic assembly with a direct current bus connection 
021 11128209
 
Magnetic gearbox with flux concentration halbach rotors 
022 11128248
 
DC input current ripple reduction in SRM drive for high volumetric power density applications 

Up to Start Of Table

Emerging Technology

Emerging Climate Change Technologies

Patents containing 'Y" CPC symbols indicate emerging climate change and clean technology inventions.

About The Icons On the List Below

  • The icon takes you to the full text version of the patent at USPTO;
  • The icon takes you to the PDF version of the patent at USPTO; and
  • The icon takes you to the details about the patent on the FedInvent Details page.
  • When you use the icon the patent you are interested appears at the top of the list on the details page.
Class
Y02A Technologies for Adaptation to Climate Change
11123416  Methods and compositions relating to synthetic beta-1,6 glucosamine oligosaccharides      
11123423  Zika virus vaccine      
11124605  Antimicrobial alpha-helical cationic polypeptides      
Y02E Reduction of Greenhouse Gas [GHG] Emissions, Related to Energy Generation, Transmission or Distribution
11127508  Nuclear thermal propulsion fuel element packing device      
11127537  Wide temperature range ultracapacitor      
Y02P Climate Change Mitigation Technologies in the Production or Processing of Goods
11127992  Charge material for recycled lithium-ion batteries      

About Y Emerging Technology Symbols

Patent documents that contain a Y02 or Y04 CPC symbol are already classified elsewhere. USPTO adds the Y symbols to the classification data to monitor new technological developments covering clean technology and inventions impacting climate change, important American science and technology interests.

Y02 — Green House Gas Mitigation

Y02 covers selected technologies, that control, reduce, or prevent anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), in the framework of the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement, and technologies that allow adapting to the adverse effects of climate change. Y02A covers technologies for adaptation to climate change, — technologies that allow adapting to the adverse effects of climate change in human, industrial (including agriculture and livestock), and economic activities. Y02P covers climate change mitigation technologies in any kind of industrial processing or production activity, including the agroalimentary industry (relating to agriculture and food), agriculture, fishing, ranching and the like.

Y04 — Enabling Technologies

Y04 is focused on the information and communications inventions that facilitate climate change technology. Y04S covers systems integrating technologies related to power network operation, communication, or information technologies for improving electrical power generation, transmission, distribution, management, or usage. Examples of the art covered here are technologies related to smart grids, home appliances, and systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles.

The Health Complex

This section contains the count of patents funded by The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) organized by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) institute; and HHS subagencies including the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Center for Disease Control (CDC), and others. These agencies together are called the Health Complex.

Department | Agency This Week
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)80
National Institutes of Health (NIH)80
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)17
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB)15
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)13
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)12
National Cancer Institute (NCI)12
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)8
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)5
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS)4
NIH Office of the Director (NIHOD)3
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)3
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)2
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)2
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)2
National Institute on Aging (NIA)2
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)1
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)1
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)1
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)1
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)1
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)1
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)1
Maximizing Access to Research Careers (MARC)1

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Higher Education Research and Development (HERD)

FedInvent follows the HERD the Higher Education Research and Development institutions — the colleges and universities; research institutions, and medical schools that benefit from federal funding and rely on it to make important discoveries that drive American innovation. Taxpayer-funded patents coming from American and sometimes foreign universities are an important indicia of the vitality of the American innovation ecosphere.

MEMBERS OF THE HERD

The National Science Foundation (NSF) Higher Education Research and Development (HERD) Survey is the primary source of information on R&D expenditures at 916 US colleges and universities that expended at least $150,000 in separately accounted for R&D in the fiscal year. We use the NSF list to keep track of which colleges and universities are receiving taxpayer-funded patents and filing patent applications.

WATCH This SPACE

We're working on our data analytics and will be reporting taxpayer-funded patents and patent applications shortly. In the meantime, FedInvent will post interesting information about the HERD Innovation Ecosphere here.

Top Ten Universities By R&D Expenditures
  1. Johns Hopkins University
  2. University of Michigan
  3. University of Washington
  4. University of California, San Diego
  5. University of California, San Francisco
  6. Columbia University in the City of New York
  7. Stanford University
  8. University Pittsburgh
  9. University Pennsylvania
  10. Duke University

Count By Tech Center

Patents organized by count and Technology Center where the patent was examined.

Tech Center Count
1600 Biotechnology and Organic Chemistry 73
1700 Chemical and Materials Engineering 26
2800 Semiconductors, Electrical and Optical Systems and Components 22
3700 Mechanical Engineering, Manufacturing, Gaming and Medical Devices/Processes 16
3600 Transportation, Electronic Commerce, Construction, Agriculture, Licensing and Review 11
2600 Communications 10
2100 Computer Architecture Software and Information Security 5
2400 Computer Networks, Multiplex, Cable and Cryptography/Security 3

For more information on the types of inventions examined in each Technology Center, see the About Tech Centers section of this page.

Patents By Scientific Domain.

This section contains the number of patents by high level scientific and technical domain. The data is arranged by the first Cooperative Patent Classification System (CPC) patent symbol assigned to the patent. This indicates the scope and nature of the invention for a patent or a patent application.

Global patent offices use patent classification as their lingua franca — the common language — for exchanging information about inventions and what scientific and technical art a patent contains. The classifications assigned to a patent are used by patent examiners to find prior art and to determine if a particular patent's claims are novel. Patent classifications are also used for global enforcement of patent rights, treaties, and agreements.

Class Class Definition First
(Original)
Inventive
(CrossRef)
CPC A61 Medical or Veterinary Science; Hygiene 31 365
CPC C12 Biochemistry; Beer; Spirits; Wine; Vinegar; Microbiology; Enzymology; Mutation or Genetic Engineering 23 205
CPC H01 Basic Electric Elements 9 109
CPC C07 Organic Chemistry 19 93
CPC G01 Measuring; Testing 19 91
CPC G06 Computing; Calculating; Counting 11 92
CPC B01 Physical or Chemical Processes or Apparatus in General 6 78
CPC H04 Electric Communication Technique 5 38
CPC C08 Organic Macromolecular Compounds; Their Preparation or Chemical Working-up; Compositions Based Thereon 5 22
CPC B64 Aircraft; Aviation; Cosmonautics 3 23
CPC G16 Information and Communication Technology [ICT] Specially Adapted for Specific Application Fields 1 21
CPC A01 Agriculture; Forestry; Animal Husbandry; Hunting; Trapping; Fishing 3 16
CPC B29 Working of Plastics; Working of Substances in a Plastic State in General 2 16
CPC F02 Combustion Engines; Hot-gas or Combustion-product Engine Plants 2 13
CPC C22 Metallurgy; Ferrous or Non-ferrous Alloys; Treatment of Alloys or Non-ferrous Metals 0 15
CPC B60 Vehicles in General 2 10
CPC G02 Optics 2 10
CPC C25 Electrolytic or Electrophoretic Processes; Apparatus Therefor 2 8
CPC G07 Checking-devices 2 8
CPC C06 Explosives; Matches 1 9
CPC C01 Inorganic Chemistry 1 8
CPC F04 Positive - Displacement Machines for Liquids; Pumps for Liquids or Elastic Fluids 1 6
CPC Y02 Technologies or Applications for Mitigation or Adaptation Against Climate Change 0 7
CPC F01 Machines or Engines in General; Engine Plants in General; Steam Engines 1 5
CPC F28 Heat Exchange in General 1 5
CPC A62 Life-saving; Fire-fighting 2 3
CPC B22 Casting; Powder Metallurgy 1 4
CPC F16 Engineering Elements and Units; General Measures for Producing and Maintaining Effective Functioning of Machines or Installations; Thermal Insulation in General 1 4
CPC H03 Basic Electronic Circuitry 1 4
CPC H02 Generation; Conversion or Distribution of Electric Power 3 1
CPC C03 Glass; Mineral or Slag Wool 1 2
CPC C30 Crystal Growth 1 2
CPC G21 Nuclear Physics; Nuclear Engineering 1 2
CPC C23 Coating Metallic Material; Coating Material With Metallic Material; Chemical Surface Treatment; Diffusion Treatment of Metallic Material; Coating by Vacuum Evaporation, by Sputtering, by Ion Implantation or by Chemical Vapour Deposition, in General; Inhibiting Corrosion of Metallic Material or Incrustation in General 1 1
CPC F42 Ammunition; Blasting 1 0
CPC G09 Education; Cryptography; Display; Advertising; Seals 1 0

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Count of Inventors by Country and U.S. State

Patent count by country and state based on the location information of first named inventors and of all inventors on the patent.

Country First Named Inventors All Inventors
United States of America 163 544
Australia 1 3
Germany 1 2
United Kingdom 1 1
Japan 0 6
China PRC 0 5
Russian Federation 0 3
Austria 0 2
Italy 0 2
Canada 0 1
Switzerland 0 1
France 0 1
U.S. State First Named Inventors All Inventors
California 28 110
Massachusetts 26 85
Maryland 8 26
Texas 8 21
Arizona 7 22
Ohio 7 20
Illinois 7 19
Virginia 6 19
Florida 6 18
New York 5 20
Pennsylvania 5 12
Georgia 4 21
Indiana 4 15
Tennessee 4 10
Washington 3 16
North Carolina 3 11
Minnesota 3 10
Connecticut 3 8
New Jersey 3 5
Wisconsin 2 13
Missouri 2 11
Alabama 2 5
Kentucky 2 5
Michigan 2 5
Utah 2 4
Louisiana 1 6
Idaho 1 4
Mississippi 1 3
New Mexico 1 3
Nevada 1 2
Delaware 1 1
Maine 1 1
North Dakota 1 1
New Hampshire 1 1
Oklahoma 1 1
Oregon 1 1
Colorado 0 2
District of Columbia 0 2
South Dakota 0 2
Nebraska 0 1
Rhode Island 0 1
South Carolina 0 1

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Count of Assignees and Applicants by Country and U.S. State

Patent count by country and state based on location information of Assignees and Applicants.

Country Assignees Applicants
United States of America 191211
Australia 22
Canada 11
Ireland 11
Japan 11
U.S. State Assignees Applicants
California 3439
Massachusetts 3437
District of Columbia 124
Illinois 910
Ohio 88
Maryland 79
New York 79
North Carolina 76
Texas 610
Pennsylvania 66
Tennessee 66
Virginia 58
Florida 56
Georgia 56
Indiana 45
Arizona 44
Minnesota 44
Washington 44
Connecticut 33
Wisconsin 33
Missouri 25
Alabama 22
Delaware 22
Kentucky 22
Louisiana 22
Rhode Island 22
Colorado 11
Idaho 11
New Mexico 11
Oklahoma 11
Oregon 11
Utah 11
New Jersey 03

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Technology Center Explainer

How Tech Centers and Art Units Are Organized And Why It Matters

Patents travel from Technology Center to Art Unit to Group Art Unit to Patent Examiner.

The USPTO's patent corps is organized into Technology Centers (TCs), groups of patent examiners with specific scientific and technical domain expertise. Technology Centers are further divided into Art Units (AUs) organized by major types of inventive art within a scientific or technical domain. Art Units are organized into Group Art Units, even more specialized and granular teams of examiners.

Group Art Units (GAUs) are where patent examiners prosecute patent applications. Patent applications are docketed to examiners based on specific subject matter classifications of a particular GAU.

Understanding Technology Centers, Art Units, and Group Art Units helps you understand what type of inventions are being prosecuted within each scientific and technical domain, how long it takes from the date a patent application is filed to the time a final decision on the patentability of the invention is made.

Technology Centers and Art Units

Click or touch the accordion panel to open it and see the way different types of inventions are grouped together within Art Units.

Patents examined here cover:

Art Unit Technical & Scientific Domains
1610 Organic Compounds: Bio-affecting, Body Treating, Drug Delivery, Steroids, Herbicides, Pesticides, Cosmetics, and Drugs
1620 Organic Chemistry
1630 Molecular Biology, Bioinformatics, Nucleic Acids, Recombinant DNA and RNA, Gene Regulation, Nucleic Acid Amplification, Animals and Plants, Combinatorial/ Computational Chemistry
1640 Immunology, Receptor/Ligands, Cytokines Recombinant Hormones, and Molecular Biology
1650 Fermentation, Microbiology, Isolated and Recombinant Proteins/Enzyme
1660 Plants

About Plant Patents

Plant Patents are granted to an inventor who has invented, or discovered and asexually reproduced a distinct and new variety of plant, other than a tuber propagated plant or a plant found in an uncultivated state. If you've ever eaten a pluot, you've enjoyed the fruit of a plant patent.

Plant patent numbers begin with a "PP" followed by a five digit number. The first Plant Patent was issued in 1931. Plant patents are valid for 20 years from the filing date.

Patents examined here cover:

Art Unit Technical & Scientific Domains
1710 Coating, Etching, Cleaning, Single Crystal Growth
1720 Fuel Cells, Batteries, Solar Cells, Liquid Crystal Composition
1730 Metallurgy, Metal Working, Inorganic Chemistry, Catalysts, Electrophotography, Photolithography
1740 Tires, Adhesive Bonding, Glass/Paper making, Plastics Shaping & Molding
1760 Organic Chemistry, Polymers, Compositions
1770 Chemical Apparatus, Separation and Purification, Liquid and Gas Contact Apparatus
1780 Miscellaneous Articles, Stock Material, Adhesive Composition, Fabrics
1790 Food, Analytical Chemistry, Sterilization, Biochemistry, Electrochemistry

Patents examined here cover:

Art Unit Technical & Scientific Domains
2110 Coating, Etching, Cleaning, Single Crystal Growth
2120 Miscellaneous Articles, Stock Material, Adhesive Composition, Fabrics
2130 Fuel Cells, Batteries, Solar Cells, Liquid Crystal Composition
2140/2170 Metallurgy, Metal Working, Inorganic Chemistry, Catalysts, Electrophotography, Photolithography
2150/2160 Tires, Adhesive Bonding, Glass/Paper making, Plastics Shaping & Molding
2180 Organic Chemistry, Polymers, Compositions
2190 Chemical Apparatus, Separation and Purification, Liquid and Gas Contact Apparatus

Patents examined here cover:

Art Unit Technical & Scientific Domains
2410/2460/2470 Multiplex, VoIP
2420 Cable and Television
2430/2490 Cryptography and Security
2440/2450 Computer Networks
2480 Recording and Compression

Patents examined here cover:

Art Unit Technical & Scientific Domains
2610 Computer Graphic Processing, 3D Animation, Display Color Attribute, Object Processing, Hardware and Memory
2620 Selective Visual Display Systems
2630 Digital and Optical Communications
2640 Telecommunications: Analog Radio Telephone; Satellite and Power Control; Transceivers, Measuring and Testing; Bluetooth; Receivers and Transmitters; Equipment Details
2650 Videophones and Telephonic Communications; Audio Signals; Digital Audio Data Processing; Linguistics, Speech Processing and Audio Compression
2660 Digital Cameras; Image Analysis; Applications; pattern Recognition; Color and Compression; Enhancement and Transformation
2670 Facsimile; Printer; Color; halftone; Scanner; Computer Graphic Processing; 3-D Animation; Display Color; Attributes; Object Processing; Hardware and Memory
2680 Telemetry and Code Generation; Vehicles and System Alarms; Selective Communication; Dynamic Storage Systems; Mechanical parts of Disk Drives; Signal Processing and Control Processing in Disk Drives
2690 Selective Visual Display Systems

More broadly TC 2800 Art Units cover Semiconductors/Memory, Circuits/Measuring and Testing, Optics/Photocopying, Printing/Measuring and Testing.

Patents examined here cover:

Art Unit Technical & Scientific Domains
2810/2820/2890 Semiconductors/Memory
2830/2840 Electrical Circuits and Systems
2850/2860 Printing/Measuring and Testing
2870/2880 Optics

About Design Patents

The design FOR an article. Not to the design OF an article.

Patents examined here cover Design patents cover the appearance of an article. The design for an article consists of the visual characteristics embodied in or applied to an article. Since a design is manifested in appearance, the subject matter of a design patent application may relate to the configuration or shape of an article, to the surface ornamentation applied to an article, or to the combination of configuration and surface ornamentation.

Design is inseparable from the article to which it is applied and cannot exist alone merely as a scheme of surface ornamentation. It must be a definite, preconceived thing, capable of reproduction and not merely the chance result of a method.

Design patent numbers begin with a "D" followed by a six digit number. The first Design Patent was issued in 1843. The term of a design patent is 15 years measured from the date of grant, if the design application was filed on or after May 13, 2015 (or 14 years if filed before May 13, 2015).

Patents examined here cover:

Art Unit Technical & Scientific Domains
3610 Surface Transportation
3620 Business Methods — Incentive Programs, Coupons; Operations Research; Electronic Shopping; Health Care; Point of Sale, Inventory, Accounting; Cost/Price, Reservations, Shipping and Transportation; Business Processing
3630 Static Structures, Supports and Furniture
3640 Aeronautics, Agriculture, Fishing, Trapping, Vermin Destroying, Plant and Animal Husbandry, Weaponry, Nuclear Systems, and License and Review
3650 Material and Article Handling
3660 Computerized Vehicle Controls and Navigation, Radio Wave, Optical and Acoustic Wave Communication, Robotics, and Nuclear Systems
3670 Wells, Earth Boring/Moving/Working, Excavating, Mining, Harvesters, Bridges, Roads, Petroleum, Closures, Connections, and Hardware
3680 Business Methods — Incentive Programs, Coupons; Electronic Shopping; Business Cryptography, Voting; Health Care; Point of Sale, Inventory, Accounting; Business Processing, Electronic Negotiation
3690 Business Methods — Finance/Banking/ Insurance

Patents examined here cover:

Art Unit Technical & Scientific Domains
3710 Amusement and Education Devices
3720 Manufacturing Devices and Processes, Machine Tools and Hand Tools
3730 Sheet Container Making, Package Making, Receptacles, Shoes, Apparel, and Tool Driving or Impacting
3740 Thermal and Combustion Technology, Motive and Fluid Power Systems
3750 Fluid Handling and Dispensing
3760 Refrigeration, Vaporization, Ventilation, and Combustion
3770 Medical & Surgical Instruments, Treatment Devices, Surgery and Surgical Supplies
3780 Body Treatment, Kinestherapy, and Exercising

Patents examined here cover:

Art Unit Technical & Scientific Domains
3970 Express Abandonments
3990 Central Reexamination Unit

FedInvent Patents

Each week FedInvent analyzes newly granted patents and published patent applications whose origins lead back to funding from the US federal government. We assemble a weekly patent catalog and analyze the inventions, the inventors, and the entities who received the patents. We map the patents back to the agency that funded the R&D that led to the new invention. FedInvent uses the funding opportunity descriptions, the grants, and the contracts that define the research areas of interest, and the R&D policies and priorities of that drove and are driving the funding to organize each week's patents.

ABOUT OUR DATA

The weekly patent catalog includes patents with government interest statements indicating federal funding; and patents where the assignee, the owner of the invention, is the federal government. This includes work on federal grants, work on federal contracts, innovation by Federal Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs) funded by Federal Departments and University Affiliated Research Centers funded by DoD.

Not every inventor is a government contractor. There are many inventions conceived and patented by scientists and engineers working for the federal government or serving in the military.

THE NUMBERS MAY NOT MATCH THE NUMBER OF PATENTS WE ANALYZE EACH WEEK

The numbers in the tables presented on this page will not add up to the number of patents granted each week because patents are counted by each agency that funded the creation of the invention. Patents and funding have a many-to-many relationship. One patent may have more than one funding grant or contract associated with it. A grant or contract may lead to more than one patent. More than one agency may have funded the inventors or the contract. More than one university or business may have worked together on an invention. When we report the numbers here, we associate a patent with all of the entities and funding that are reflected on the patent and report them to you. This approach presents a more complete picture of what's going on in the federal innovation ecosphere. Put another way, the numbers in the tables presented on this page may not always add up to the number of patents each week because patents are counted by each agency that funded the creation of the invention.

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